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2016年12月英语四级考试真题解析3

2017-12-07 14:16:29来源:英语四级考试网分享
导读:英语四级考试在大学里边也是一件很大的考试,马上英语四级又要开考了,剩下的这几天中应该是以英语四级考试真题的练习为主,可以帮助你熟悉题型,研究出题意图和提升自己的做题速度,,接下来小编就为你推送英语四级试题及答案,让你能够更加有效地进行复习。

>>英语四级考试真题:2016年12月英语四级考试真题解析3

>>英语四级考试精品课程

PartⅢ

Reading Comprehension

(40 minutes)

Section A

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one wordfor each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read thepassage through carefully before making your choices.Each choice in the bank isidentified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on AnswerSheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in thebank more than once.

Questions 26 to 35 are based on the following passage.

Many men and women have long bought into the idea that there are "male" and "female" brains,believing that explains just about every difference between the sexes. A new study26that belief,questioning whether brains really can be distinguished by gender.

In the study, Tel Aviv University researchers27for sex differences throughout the entirehuman brain.

And what did they find? Not much. Rather than offer evidence for28brains as "male" or"female," research shows that brains fall into a wide range, with most people falling right in themiddle.

Daphna Joel, who led the study, said her research found that while there are some gender-based29, many different types of brain can't always be distinguished by gender.

While the "average" male and "average" female brains were30different, you couldn't tell itby looking at individual brain scans. Only a small31of people had "all-male" or "all-female"characteristics.

Larry Cahill, an American neuroscientist (神经科学家), said the study is an important addition toa growing body of research questioning32beliefs about gender and brain function. But hecautioned against concluding from this study that all brains are the same,33of gender.

"There's a mountain of evidence34the importance of sex influences at all levels of brainfunction," he told The Seattle Times.

If anything, he said, the study35that gender plays a very important role in the brain--" evenwhen we are not clear exactly how. "

A.abnormal

B.applied

C.briefly

D.categorizing

E.challenges

F.figure

G.percentage

H.proving

I.regardless

J.searched

K.similarities

L.slightly

M.suggests

N. tastes

0.traditional

Section B

Directions:In this section,you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Eachstatement contains information given in one of the paragraphs.Identify the paragraphfrom which the information is derived.You may choose a paragraph more than once.Each paragraph is marked with a letter.Answer the questions by marking thecorresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

Can Burglars Jam Your Wireless Security System?

A.Any product that promises to protect your home deserves careful examination.So it isn’t surprising thatyou’11 find plenty of strong opinions about the potential vulnerabilities of popular home—security systems.B.The most likely type of burglary(人室盗窃)by far is the unsophisticated crime of opportunity,usuallyinvolving a broken window or some forced entry.According to the FB1.crimes like these accounted forroughly two.thirds of all household burglaries in the US in 2013.The wide majority of the rest were illegal.unforced entries that resulted from something like a window being left open.The odds of a criminal usingtechnical means to bypass a security system are so small that the FBI doesn’t even track those statistics.

C.One of the main theoretical home—security concerns is whether or not a given system is vulnerable to beingblocked from working altogether.With wired setups,the fear is that a burglar(人室盗贼)might be ableto shut your system down simply by cutting the right cable.With a wireless setup.you stick battery—powered sensors up around your home that keep an eye on windows。doors,motion,and more.If theydetect something wrong while the system is armed.they’ll transmit a wireless aleft signal to a base station that will then raise the alarm.That approach will eliminate most cord—cutting concerns--but what abouttheir wireless equivalent,jamming?with the fight device tuned to the fight frequency,what’s to stop athief from jamming your setup and blocking that alert signal from ever reaching the base station?

D.Jamming concerns are nothing new,and they’re not unique to security systems.Any device that’s built toreceive a wireless signal at a specific frequency can be overwhelmed by a stronger signal coming in on thesame frequency.For comparison.1et’s say you wanted to“jam”a conversation between two people--allyou’d need to do is yell in the listener’s ear.

E) Security devices are required to list the frequencies they broadcast on—mat means that a potential thief canfind what they need to know with minimal Googling.They will.however.need to know what systemthey’re looking for.If you have a sign in your yard declaring what setup you use,that’d point them in theright direction,though at that point,we’re talking about a highly targeted,semi—sophisticated attack,andnot the sort of forced—entry attack that makes up the majority of burglaries.It’s easier to find and acquirejamming equipment for some frequencies than it is for others.

F)Wireless security providers will often take steps to help combat the threat of jamming attacks.SimpliSafe,winner of our Editors’Choice distinction.utilizes a special system that’s capable of separating incidental RFinterference from targeted jamming attacks.When the system thinks it’s being jammed,it’ll notify you viapush alert(推送警报).From there,it’s up to you to sound the alarm manually.

G)SimpliSafe was singled out in one recent article on jamming,complete with a video showing the entiresystem being effectively bypassed with handheld jamming equipment.After taking appropriate measures tocontain the RF interference to our test lab,we tested the attack out for ourselves,and were able to verify that it’s possible with the right equipment.However.we also verified that SimpliSafe’s anti-jammingsystem works.It caught us in the act,sent an alert to my smartphone,and also listed our RF interferenceon the system’s event log.The team behind the article and video in question make no mention of thesystem,or whether or not it detected them.

H)We like the unique nature of that software.It means that a thief likely wouldn’t be able to Google how thesystem works.then figure out a way around it.Even if they could,SimpliSafe claims that its system isalways evolving,and that it varies slightly from system to system,which means there wouldn’t be auniversal magic formula for cracking it.Other systems also seem confident on the subject of jamming.Theteam at Frontpoint addresses the issue in a blog on its site,citing their own jam protection software andclaiming that there aren’t any documented cases of a successful jam attack since the company began offeringwireless security sensors in the l980s.

I)Jamming attacks are absolutely possible.As said before.with the fight equipment and the right know—how,it’s possible to jam any wireless transmission.But how probable is it that someone will successfully jam their way into your home and steal your stuff?

J)Let’s imagine that you live in a small home with a wireless security setup that offers a functional anti—jamming system.First,a thief is going to need to target your home,specifically.Then,he’s going to needto know the technical details of your system and acquire the specific equipment necessary for jamming yourspecific setup.Presumably,you keep your doors locked at night and while you’re away,so the thief willstill need to break in.That means defeating the lock somehow,or breaking a window.He’11 need to be jamming you at this point,as a broken window or opened door would normally release the alarm.S0,too,would the motion detectors in your home,so the thief will need to continue jamming once he’s inside andsearching for things to steal.However.he’11 need to do so without tripping the anti-jamming system,thedetails of which he almost certainly does not have access to.

K)At the end of the day,these kinds of systems are primarily designed to protect against the sort ofopportunistic smash—and—grab attack that makes up the majority of burglaries.They’re also only a singlelayer in what should ideally be a many—sided approach to securing your home,one that includes commonsense things like sound locks and proper exterior lighting at night.No system is impenetrable,and none canpromise to eliminate the worst case completely.Every one of them has vulnerabilities that a knowledgeablethief could theoretically exploit.A good system is one that keeps that worst—case setting as improbable aspossible while also offering strong protection in the event of a less-extraordinary attack.

36.It is possible for burglars to make jamming attacks with the necessary equipment and skill.37.Interfering with a wireless security system is similar to interfering with a conversation.

38.A burglar has to continuously jam the wireless security device to avoid triggering the alarm,both inside and outside the house.

39.SimpliSafe provides devices that are able to distinguish incidental radio interference from targeted jamming attacks.

40.Only a very small proportion of burglaries are committed by technical means.

41.It is difficult to crack SimpliSafe as its system keeps changing.

42.Wireless devices will transmit signals so as to activate the alarm once something wrong is detected.

43.Different measures should be taken to protect one’s home from burglary in addition to the wireless security system.

44.SimpliSafe’s device can send a warning to the house owner’s cellphone.

45.Burglars can easily get a security device’s frequency by Internet search.

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