收藏本页
免费课程咨询:400-801-6269(8:30-21:30)

英语四级考试网

大学英语四级考试培训
当前位置: 英语四级 > 备考辅导 >  模拟试题 >  文章

2016年12月英语四级考试真题解析4

2017-12-07 14:18:33来源:英语四级考试网分享
导读:英语四级考试在大学里边也是一件很大的考试,马上英语四级又要开考了,剩下的这几天中应该是以英语四级考试真题的练习为主,可以帮助你熟悉题型,研究出题意图和提升自己的做题速度,,接下来小编就为你推送英语四级试题及答案,让你能够更加有效地进行复习。

>>英语四级考试真题:2016年12月英语四级考试真题解析4

>>英语四级考试精品课程

Section C

Directions:There are 2 passages in this section.Each passage is followed by some questions orunfinished statements.For each of them there arefour choices marked A,B,CandD.You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on AnswerSheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

Passage One

Questions 46 to 50 are based oil the following passage.

As a person who writes about food and drink for a living。I couldn’t tell you the first thing aboutBill Perry or whether the beers he sells are that great.But I can tell you that I like this guy.That’sbecause he plans to ban tipping in favor of paying his servers an actual living wage

I hate tipping.

I hate it because it’s an obligation disguised as an option.I hate it for the post—dinner math it requires of me.But mostly.I hate tipping because I believe l would be in a better place if pay decisionsregarding employees were simply left up to their employers,as is the custom in virtually every otherindustry.

Most of you probably think that you hate tipping,too.Research suggests otherwise.You actuallylove tipping!You like to feel that you have a voice in how much money your server makes.No matterhow the math works out,you persistently view restaurants with voluntary tipping systems as being abetter value,which makes it extremely difficult for restaurants and bars to do away with the tippingsystem.

One argument that you tend to hear a lot from the pr0—tipping crowd seems logical enough:theservice is better when waiters depend on tips,presumably because they see a benefit to successfullyveiling their contempt for you.Well.if this were true.we would all be slipping a few l00-dollar bills toour doctors on-the way out their doors,too.But as it turns out,waiters see only a tiny bump in tipswhen they do an exceptional job compared to a passable one.Waiters,keen observers of humanity thatthey are.are catching on to this;in one poll,a full 30%said they didn’t believe the job they did hadany impact on the tips they received.

So come on,folks:get on board with ditching the outdated tip system.Pay a little more upfrontfor your beer or burger.Support Bill Perry’s pub,and any other bar or restaurant that doesn’t ask youto do drunken math.

46.、Ⅳhat can we learn about Bill Perry from the passage?

A.He runs a pub that serves excellent beer.

B.He intends to get rid of the tipping practice.

C.He gives his staff a considerable sum for tips.

D.He lives comfortably without getting any tips.

47.What is the main reason why the author hates tipping?

A. It sets a bad example for other industries.

B. It adds to the burden of ordinary customers.

C. It forces the customer to compensate the waiter.

D.It poses a great challenge for customers to do math.

48.Why do many people love tipping according to the author?

A.They help improve the quality of the restaurants they dine in.

B. They believe waiters deserve such rewards for good service.

C.They want to preserve a wonderful tradition of the industry.

D.They can have some say in how much their servers earn.

49.What have some waiters come to realize according to a survey?

A.Service quality has little effect on tip size.

B. It is in human nature to try to save on tips.

C.Tips make it more difficult to please customers.

D.Tips benefit the boss rather than the employees.

50.What does the author argue for in the passage?

A.Restaurants should calculate the tips for customers.

B.Customers should pay more tips to help improve service.

C.Waiters deserve better than just relying on tips for a living.

D.Waiters should be paid by employers instead of customers.

Passage Two

Questions 5l to 55 are based on the following passage.

In the past,falling oil prices have given a boost to the world economy,but recent forecasts forglobal growth have been toned down.even as oil prices sink lower and lower.Does that mean the linkbetween lower oil prices and growth has weakened?

Some experts say there are still good reasons to believe cheap oil should heat up the worldeconomy.Consumers have more money in their pockets when they’re paying less at the pump.Theyspend that money off other things,which stimulates the economy.

The biggest gains go to countries that import most of their oil like China.Japan.and India.Butdoesn't the extra money in the pockets of those countries' consumers mean an equal loss inoil-producing countries, cancelling out the gains? Not necessarily, say economic researcher SaraJohnson. "Many oil producers built up huge reserve funds when prices were high, so when prices fallthey will draw on their reserves to support government spending and subsidies (补贴) for theirconsumers.

But not all oil producers have big reserves. In Venezuela, collapsing oil prices have sent itseconomy into free-fall.

Economist Carl Weinberg believes the negative effects of plunging oil prices are overwhelming thepositive effects of cheaper oil. The implication is a sharp decline in global trade, which has plungedpartly because oil-producing nations can't afford to import as much as they used to.

Sara Johnson acknowledges that the global economic benefit from a fall in oil prices today is likelylower than it was in the past. One reason is that more countries are big oil producers now, so thenations suffering from the price drop account for a larger share of the global economy.

Consumers, in the U.S. at least, are acting cautiously with the savings they're getting at the gaspump, as the memory of the recent great recession is still fresh in their mind. And a number ofoil-producing countries are trimming their gasoline subsidies and raising taxes, so the net savings forglobal consumers is not as big as the oil price plunge might suggest.

51. What does the author mainly discuss in the passage?

A. The reasons behind the plunge of oil prices.

B. Possible ways to stimulate the global economy.

C. The impact of chape oil on global economic growth.

D. The effect of falling oil prices on consumer spending.

52. Why do some experts believe cheap oil will stimulate the global economy?

A. Manufacturers can produce consumer goods at a much lower cost.

B. Lower oil prices have always given a big boost to the global economy.

C. Oil prices may rise or fall but economic laws are not subject to change.

D. Consumers will spend their savings from cheap oil on other commodities.

53. What happens in many oil-exporting countries when oil prices go down?

A. They suspend import of necessities from overseas.

B. They reduce production drastically to boost oil prices.

C. They use their money reserves to back up consumption.

D. They try to stop their economy from going into free-fall.

54. How does Carl Weinberg view the current oil price plunge?

A. It is one that has seen no parallel in economic history.

B. Its negative effects more than cancel out its positive effects.

C. It still has a chance to give rise to a boom in the global economy.

D. Its effects on the global economy go against existing economic laws.

55. Why haven't falling oil prices boosted the global economy as they did before?

A. People are not spending all the money they save on gas.

B. The global economy is likely to undergo another recession.

C. Oil importers account for a larger portion of the global economy.

D. People the world over are afraid of a further plunge in oil prices.

Part IV

Translation

( 30 minutes )

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese intoEnglish. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.

随着中国的改革开放,如今很多年轻人都喜欢举行西式婚礼。新娘在婚礼上穿着白色婚纱,因为白色被认为是纯洁的象征。然而,在中国传统文化中,白色经常是葬礼上使用的颜色。因此务必记住,白花一定不要用作祝人康复的礼物,尤其不要送给老年人或危重病人。同样,礼金也不能装在白色的信封里,而要装在红色的信封里。

对于上面的英语四级考试真题要能够练习熟练,登录坦途网英语四级考试频道,为你提供提供更多英语四级试题及答案,让你为英语四级考试打下良好的基础。

温馨提示:因考试政策、内容不断变化与调整,坦途网提供的以上信息仅供参考,如有异议,请考生以权威部门公布的内容为准!

英语四级培训课程免费试听

预约免费体验课您的信息不会显示在页面上或泄露给他人,我们将会通过电话反馈给您

课程预约 立即提交

免费课程咨询:400-801-6269        真道(北京)信息技术有限公司版权所有 京ICP备12044874号-1

教育顾问
咨询电话
400-801-6269