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2018年GRE阅读模拟试题训练4

2018-01-03 17:32:03来源:GRE考试网分享
导读:在GRE考试中,GRE阅读似乎关系着整场战争的成败,那么怎样才能增强自己的阅读能力呢?办法之一就是不断地做练习题,于是小编就给大家带来了2018年GRE阅读模拟试题系列。

>>GRE阅读模拟题:2018年GRE阅读模拟试题训练4

>>GRE考试精品课程训练

From 1910 to 1913, women suffragists in the United States organized annual parades — activity traditionally conducted by men to proclaim solidarity in some cause — not only as a public expression of suffragist solidarity but also a conscious transgression of the rules of social order: women’s very presence in the streets challenged traditional notions of femininity and restrictions on women’s conduct. While recognizing the parade’s rhetorical force as a vehicle for social change, scholars have recently begun to examine its drawbacks as a form of protest. Lumsden characterizes the American suffrage parade as a “double-edged sword”, arguing that women’s efforts to proclaim their solidarity left them open to patronizing commentary from press and public and to organized opposition from antisuffragists.

1. It can be inferred from the passage that men’s and women’s parades were similar in that both

A. were employed as rhetorical vehicles for social change

B. were regarded as violating contemporary standards of public decorum

C. made participants vulnerable to organized opposition

D. were largely ineffective as forms of protest

E. were intended by their participants as public declarations of solidarity

2. The passage suggests which of the following about proponents of the “rules of social order?”

A. They frowned upon public displays such as parades.

B. They had ulterior motives for objecting to women’s participation in suffrage parades.

C. They formed the core of the organized opposition to women suffrage.

D. They believed that it was unfeminine for women to march in suffrage parades.

E. They supported women’s rights to vote but disapprove some of the methods that suffragists employed to gain that right.

1

From 1910 to 1913, women suffragists in the United States organized annual parades — activity traditionally conducted by men to proclaim solidarity in some cause — not only as a public expression of suffragist solidarity but also a conscious transgression of the rules of social order : women’s very presence in the streets challenged traditional notions of femininity and restrictions on women’s conduct.

1910 年至 1913 年,美国参政权扩大论者们每年组织游行集会 —— 一种传统上由男人领导的,出于某种原因对外宣示团结的活动 —— 不仅对外表示参政权扩大论者的团结,而且是对既有社会秩序规则的一种有意违抗:女人就这样上街,挑战了社会对女性的传统观念,以及关于女性行为的种种约束。

2

While recognizing the parade’s rhetorical force as a vehicle for social change, scholars have recently begun to examine its drawbacks as a form of protest.

尽管认识到游行作为社会变革的载体所蕴含的语言煽动力量,但学者最近开始研究它作为一种抗议形式的缺陷。

3

Lumsden characterizes the American suffrage parade as a “double-edged sword”, arguing that women’s efforts to proclaim their solidarity left them open to patronizing commentary from press and public and to organized opposition from antisuffragists.

L 把美国扩大参政权游行,描述为一柄 “ 双刃剑 ”,称女性宣示团结的努力,使她们收到来自媒体和公众的怜悯评论,也促成了反对参政权扩大的意见的集结。

(patronizing

【柯林斯高阶】

If someone is patronizing, they speak or behave towards you in a way that seems friendly, but which shows that they think they are superior to you.

The tone of the interview was unnecessarily patronizing .

...his patronising attitude to the homeless.

)

1. It can be inferred from the passage that men’s and women’s parades were similar in that both

A. were employed as rhetorical vehicles for social change

B. were regarded as violating contemporary standards of public decorum

C. made participants vulnerable to organized opposition

D. were largely ineffective as forms of protest

E. were intended by their participants as public declarations of solidarity

选 E

根据句 1:

From 1910 to 1913, women suffragists in the United States organized annual parades — activity traditionally conducted by men to proclaim solidarity in some cause — not only as a public expression of suffragist solidarity but also a conscious transgression of the rules of social order: women’s very presence in the streets challenged traditional notions of femininity and restrictions on women’s conduct.

可见男女游行都有这个特点。

2. The passage suggests which of the following about proponents of the “rules of social order?”

A. They frowned upon public displays such as parades.

B. They had ulterior motives for objecting to women’s participation in suffrage parades.

C. They formed the core of the organized opposition to women suffrage.

D. They believed that it was unfeminine for women to march in suffrage parades.

E. They supported women’s rights to vote but disapprove some of the methods that suffragists employed to gain that right.

选 D

其实是一道单词题,句 1 出现的 … a conscious transgression of the rules of social order : … 说明,组织和参与游行的人,与 proponents of the " rules of social order " 观点对立,否则不会说 transgression 违犯,越界。

A 错。他们不是反对游行,是反对女人游行。frown on / upon 反对,不赞同,不许可。

B 错。ulterior 隐秘的,别有用心的。没什么隐秘的,就是不愿意女人有投票权呗,明摆着的事。

C 未知信息。举个类比,

比如说,也许社会上多数人不认同同性婚姻,但是他们未必会上街组织一个反对同性婚姻的游行,或在各种媒体发声反对,因为这事说到底不直接关系他们的根本利益,不认同,但也没有强烈的动机去反对。所以,core of the organized opposition 的说法,既属于未知信息,也未必成立。

E 比较强的干扰项。相当 plausible 的未知信息,可惜仍然是未知信息。

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