收藏本页
免费课程咨询:400-801-6269(8:30-21:30)

GRE考试网

GRE考试培训辅导
当前位置: GRE >GRE阅读 > 阅读试题 >  文章

GRE阅读练习:异性交往不利于孩子学业

2018-05-16 11:55:59来源:GRE考试网分享
导读:世上无难事,只怕有心人。没有过不去的GRE考试,只要你认真复习,把每个知识点都学好,那考试就没什么不能攻克的了!下面小编给大家分享一些复习资料,都是关于阅读练习的,希望大家能认真复习!

>>GRE阅读训练:GRE阅读练习:异性交往不利于孩子学业

>>GRE考试精品课程指导

It's official: having friends of the opposite sex is bad for children's grade.

官方数据显示:与异性交朋友不利于孩子的学业成绩。

Do friends of the opposite gender distract teenagers, hampering their academic performance?

与异性交朋友会使青少年分心,影响学业成绩?

It may seem obvious, at least to paranoid parents, and yet it is hard to prove.

至少对多疑的家长而言这似乎显而易见,但证明起来很难。

Simple analysis of a survey of American schoolchildren conducted in 1995, for example, suggests no link between the proportion of a girl's friends who were boys and her grades.

比如,对1995年美国在校儿童一项调查的简单分析表明:女生的学业成绩与其异性朋友的比例无关。

Boys with lots of female friends actually achieved better results than those with fewer.

实际上,相较于异性朋友少的男生,异性朋友多的成绩更高。

A new paper by Andrew Hill of the University of South Carolina, however, digs deeper into the data, and comes to a different result.

然而,南卡罗来纳大学的助理教授安德鲁·希尔发表的最新论文深入分析了这些数据,得出了不同的结论。

Friendship groups are not random, which makes it tricky to isolate the effect of fraternizing with the opposite sex on school performance.

朋友圈的非随机性使得单独考虑异性友谊对学业成绩的影响十分困难。

Pushy parents, for instance, may both encourage after-school activities (hotbeds of hobnobbing across the gender divide) and help out with homework.

例如,望子成龙的父母可能既鼓励课外活动(异性间亲密接触的温床)又赞同帮助解决家庭作业中的难题。

By the same token, the sort of boys who do not find it embarrassing to join a clique composed mainly of girls may also be more studious.

同理,不会因加入以女生为主的小团体而感觉难为情的男孩也更加好学。

Mr. Hill gets around this by looking at the proportion of schoolmates of either sex living near each student.

为了解决上述问题,希尔将目光投向每位同学邻居中男女同学的比例。

He reasons that parents do not choose where to live based on the sex of their neighbours' children.

他推断父母不会以邻居家孩子的性别作为选择居所的标准。

The gender mix of near-neighbours should therefore be unrelated to the invisible factors that influence both friends and grades.

因此邻居家孩子的性别构成也应该与影响朋友和成绩的隐性因素无关。

But the mix of neighbours does influence friendship groups in school, since children are much more likely to befriend other children who live close by.

但是邻居间孩子的性别构成确实影响学校中朋友圈的形成,因为孩子们更倾向与住得近的孩子交朋友。

Mr. Hill calculates the share of boys and girls among each child's 20 closest neighbours and uses this to identify random differences in friendship groups.

希尔先生计算了每个儿童20个最亲密的邻居中男女孩的比例并用上述计算结果确定了朋友圈的随机差异。

He can then isolate the effect of having more friends of the opposite gender on school performance.

他排除了学生交更多异性朋友对其学业成绩的影响。

He finds that for every 10% more children of the opposite sex among a student's friends, his or her grade-point average (GPA) declines by 0.1 (GPAs range from 0 to 4) .

他发现一个学生的朋友中每多10%的异性朋友其各科平均绩点(GPA)会下降0.1(各科平均绩点从0~4)。

Below the age of 16, the effects are restricted to science and maths, but beyond 16 they spillover to English and history as well.

这种影响在16岁以下仅限于科学和数学,但是在16岁以上会波及到英文和历史。

Girls seem to be more prone to distraction, though Mr. Hill cannot muster the statistical power to be certain.

尽管希尔先生没有搜集到确凿的统计数据,但是女孩子似乎更容易分心。

This tentative result is consistent with other studies that find that girls gain more from moving to single-sex schools.

这种不确定的结果与其他研究一致,这些研究都表明,转到女子学校上学的女孩子将学到更多。

Readers rushing to remove their children from co-ed schools should know, however, that Mr. Hill's results came with a twist.

然而,那些匆忙让自己孩子从男女同校转走的家长应当了解:希尔先生的结论有个意外发现。

Having more friends of the opposite sex may be bad for grades, but it has other effects, too.

交更多的异性朋友可能不仅不利于学业成绩,还有其他影响。

Among the children from the original survey who were successfully re-interviewed 14 years later, those whose grades had been dragged down by friends of the opposite gender were more likely to be (or have been) married.

在那些14年后顺利再次会面的参加初次调查的孩子中,因交异性朋友而成绩下降的孩子更可能(或已经)结婚。

Traditionalists worried about a child mooning over the heartthrob next door may comfort themselves with that.

传统主义者担心痴想邻家梦中情人的孩子以此来安慰自己。

以上就是小编分享的GRE阅读文章的内容了,平时多看一些原文阅读对培养语感是非常有效的。大家可以登录坦途网GRE考试频道来寻找更多的阅读文章,让自己的知识储备更加的丰富。

温馨提示:因考试政策、内容不断变化与调整,坦途网提供的以上信息仅供参考,如有异议,请考生以权威部门公布的内容为准!

GRE培训课程免费试听

预约免费体验课您的信息不会显示在页面上或泄露给他人,我们将会通过电话反馈给您

课程预约立即提交

免费课程咨询:400-801-6269        真道(北京)信息技术有限公司版权所有 京ICP备12044874号-1

教育顾问
咨询电话
400-801-6269