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2020备考研究生英语阅读模拟题7

2019-04-12 12:07:47来源:研究生考试网分享
导读:现在正是2020年研究生考试的备考阶段,对备考的考生来说,英语是个备考难点之一,特别是对于基础不好的同学来说,英语简直就是个老大难。不过不用担心,小编来帮你啦~

>>考研模拟题:2020备考研究生英语阅读模拟题7

>>研究生考试辅导课程推荐

France, which prides itself as the global innovator of fashion, has decided its fashion industry has lost an absolute right to define physical beauty for women. Its lawmakers gave preliminary approval last week to a law that would make it a crime to employ ultra-thin models on runways.

The parliament also agreed to ban websites that “incite excessive thinness” by promoting extreme dieting.

Such measures have a couple of uplifting motives. They suggest beauty should not be defined by looks that end up impinging on health. That’s a start. And the ban on ultra-thin models seems to go beyond protecting models from starving themselves to death - as some have done. It tells the fashion industry that it must take responsibility for the signal it sends women, especially teenage girls, about the social tape-measure they must use to determine their individual worth.

The bans, if fully enforced, would suggest to women (and many men) that they should not let others be arbiters of their beauty. And perhaps faintly, they hint that people should look to intangible qualities like character and intellect rather than dieting their way to size zero or wasp-waist physiques.

The French measures, however, rely too much on severe punishment to change a culture that still regards beauty as skin-deep — and bone-showing. Under the law, using a fashion model that does not meet a government-defined index of body mass could result in a $85,000 fine and six months in prison.

The fashion industry knows it has an inherent problem in focusing on material adornment and idealized body types. In Denmark, the United States, and a few other countries, it is trying to set voluntary standards for models and fashion images that rely more on peer pressure for enforcement.

In contrast to France’s actions, Denmark’s fashion industry agreed last month on rules and sanctions regarding the age, health, and other characteristics of models. The newly revised Danish Fashion Ethical Charter clearly states: “We are aware of and take responsibility for the impact the fashion industry has on body ideals, especially on young people.’ The charter’s main tool of enforcement is to deny access for designers and modeling agencies to Copenhagen Fashion Week, which is run by the Danish Fashion Institute. But in general it relies on a name-and-shame method of compliance.

Relying on ethical persuasion rather than law to address the misuse of body ideals may be the best step. Even better would be to help elevate notions of beauty beyond the material standards of a particular industry.

21. According to the first paragraph, what would happen in France?

[A] Physical beauty would be redefined.

[B] New runways would be constructed.

[C] Websites about dieting would thrive.

[D] The fashion industry would decline.

【答案】 [A] Physical beauty would be redefined

【解析】 推断题。根据France定位到文章前两段,第1段讲法国决定时装业失去了定义(define)形体美(physical beauty)的绝对权力。法国的立法者通过了一项法律,雇用超瘦的模特属于犯罪,议会也禁止网站通过推崇极端节食“鼓动过度瘦弱”。第二段第二句提到“They suggest beauty should not be defined by looks that end up impinging on health. That’s a start. 他们建议美丽不应该以伤害身体健康为代价的外表来界定。”由此可知,法国通过立法手段来改变法国时装业模特超瘦的现状,即[A]项的“形体美将会被重新定义”,是对原文内容的合理推断。[B]项“将会建造新的舞台”,[C]项“有关节食的网站将会兴起”,[D]项“时装业将会衰退”,均不能从文中推测出来,属于“无中生有”。

22. The phrase “impinging on” (Line 2, Para 2) is closest in meaning to____

[A] heightening the value of.

[B] indicating the state of.

[C] losing faith in.

[D] doing harm to.

【答案】 [D] doing harm to

【解析】猜词题。定位到第二段第二句“They suggest beauty should not be defined by looks that end up impinging on health. 他们建议美丽不应该以 身体健康为代价的外表来界定。”impinging on后面的宾语为“health”,即对健康的某种影响。根据第二段第三句“对超瘦模特的禁令似乎不仅仅是在防止模特挨饿致死——正如曾有人这么做过的”,可见法国目前的对美丽的定义导致了有人为了保持身材,挨饿致死,因此推测出这一短语在这里的意思为“侵犯,伤害”,[D]项“对……有害”正确。[A]项“增强了……的价值”,[B]项“反映了……的状态”,[C]项“对……失去信心”均不符合句意。

23. Which of the following is true of the fashion industry?

[A] The French measures have already failed.

[B] New standards are being set in Denmark.

[C] Model are no longer under peer pressure.

[D] Its inherent problems are getting worse.

【答案】 [B] New Standards are being set in Denmark

【解析】细节题。根据第五段第二句话“In Denmark,...it is trying to set voluntary standards for models and fashion... 在丹麦,它正尝试为模特设定自愿的标准……”,可知[B]项“在丹麦新的标准正在被设定”是对原文的同义替换。[A]项“法国的措施失败了”;[C]项“不再有来自同行执法的压力”,文章第五段第二句后半句提到“images that rely more on peer pressure for enforcement”,属于“正反混淆”;[D]项“它固有的问题变得更严重了”,文中第五段只提及时装业有固有的问题,并未提及“变得更严重”,属于“无中生有”。

24. A designer is most likely to be rejected by CFW for ____

[A] setting a high age threshold for models.

[B] caring too much about models’ character.

[C] showing little concern for health factors.

[D] pursuing perfect physical conditions.

【答案】 [C] showing little concern for health factors

【解析】推断题。题设为“一个设计师很可能因为什么原因被CFW拒绝”,根据关键词CFW可回到文中定位至倒数第二段,该段提到丹麦的时尚界就有关模特的年龄、健康及其他特性的内容达成一致意见,且一项新法案也明确规定,他们已经意识到时尚界对于人们尤其是年轻人的身体健康所带来的影响,并且应该对此承担责任,这一法规的执行方式就是拒绝一些设计师和模特经纪机构参加哥本哈根时装周(CFW)。因此[C]项的“不关心健康因素”符合题意,为正确答案。[D]项“追求完美的身体状况”,[B]项的“过多关注模特的性格”,[A]项“设定了一个模特高龄门槛”,均不符合题意。

25. Which of the following may be the best title of the text?

[A] The Great Threats to the Fashion Industry

[B] Just Another Round of Struggle for Beauty

[C] A Dilemma for the Starving Models in France

[D] A Challenge to the Fashion Industry’s Body Ideals

【答案】 [D] A challenge to the Fashion Industry’s Body Ideals

【解析】主旨题。本文从首段就开始阐述法国通过立法禁止雇用超瘦的模特,时装业已经失去了定义女性身体之美的绝对权力,且议会也禁止网站通过宣传过度节食来强调过度消瘦。第二段继续说明美丽不能只看外表,更不能以牺牲健康为代价,时装业应该为传递给女性的不良信息负责。第三段说明女性不该让他人来评判自己的美丽。第四段讲法国的措施更多的是依靠严厉的惩罚。最后三段提到了丹麦与法国截然不同的措施。纵观全文,文章主要在讲各个国家对解决目前模特超瘦的现状的措施,因此[D]项的“对时装业身体典范的挑战”是对原文的“高度概括”。

以上就是小编今天的分享,对于考研英语来说,基础知识比较重要,特别是词汇和语法。等你们的基础夯实之后就是模拟题的练习。其中阅读是最需要练习的部门,因为占分值比较大。话不多说,想要提高研究生考试成绩的考生就赶紧来坦途网研究生考试频道吧!

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