收藏本页
免费课程咨询:400-801-6269(8:30-21:30)

考研考试网

研究生考试课程精选
当前位置: 考研 >考试辅导 > 考研英语 >  文章

2020备考研究生英语阅读模拟题10

2019-04-12 12:12:04来源:研究生考试网分享
导读:现在正是2020年研究生考试的备考阶段,对备考的考生来说,英语是个备考难点之一,特别是对于基础不好的同学来说,英语简直就是个老大难。不过不用担心,小编来帮你啦~

>>考研模拟题:2020备考研究生英语阅读模拟题10

>>研究生考试辅导课程推荐

Two years ago, Rupert Murdoch's daughter, Elisabeth, spoke of the "unsettling dearth of integrity across so many of our institutions". Integrity had collapsed, she argued, because of a collective acceptance that the only "sorting mechanism" in society should be profit and the market. But "it's us, human beings, we the people who create the society we want, not profit".

Driving her point home, she continued: "It's increasingly apparent that the absence of purpose, of a moral language within government, media or business could become one of the most dangerous goals for capitalism and freedom." This same absence of moral purpose was wounding companies such as News International, she thought, making it more likely that it would lose its way as it had with widespread illegal telephone hacking.

As the hacking trial concludes-finding guilty one ex-editor of the News of the World, Andy Coulson, for conspiring to hack phones, and finding his predecessor, Rebekah Brooks, innocent of the same charge-the wider issue of dearth of integrity still stands. Journalists are known to have hacked the phones of up to 5,500 people. This is hacking on an industrial scale, as was acknowledged by Glenn Mulcaire, the man hired by the News of the World in 2001 to be the point person for phone hacking. Others await trial. This saga still unfolds.

In many respects, the dearth of moral purpose frames not only the fact of such widespread phone hacking but the terms on which the trial took place. One of the astonishing revelations was how little Rebekah Brooks knew of what went on in her newsroom, how little she thought to ask and the fact that she never inquired how the stories arrived. The core of her successful defense was that she knew nothing.

In today's world, it has become normal that well-paid executives should not be accountable for what happens in the organizations that they run. Perhaps we should not be so surprised. For a generation, the collective doctrine has been that the sorting mechanism of society should be profit. The words that have mattered are efficiency, flexibility, shareholder value, business-friendly, wealth generation, sales, impact and, in newspapers, circulation. Words degraded to the margin have been justice, fairness, tolerance, proportionality and accountability.

The purpose of editing the News of the World was not to promote reader understanding, to be fair in what was written or to betray any common humanity. It was to ruin lives in the quest for circulation and impact. Ms Brooks may or may not have had suspicions about how her journalists got their stories, but she asked no questions, gave no instructions-nor received traceable, recorded answers.

36. According to the first two paragraphs, Elisabeth was upset by

(A) the consequences of the current sorting mechanism.

(B) companies' financial loss due to immoral practices

(C) governmental ineffectiveness on moral issues.

(D) the wide misuse of integrity among institutions.

37. It can be inferred from Paragraph 3 that

(A) Glenn Mulcaire may deny phone hacking as a crime.

(B) more journalists may be found guilty of phone hacking.

(C) Andy Coulson should be held innocent of the charge.

(D) phone hacking will be accepted on certain occasions.

38. The author believes that Rebekah Brooks's defense

(A) revealed a cunning personality.

(B) centered on trivial issues.

(C) was hardly convincing.

(D) was part of a conspiracy.

39. The author holds that the current collective doctrine shows

(A) generally distorted values.

(B) unfair wealth distribution.

(C) a marginalized lifestyle.

(D) a rigid moral code.

40 Which of the following is suggested in the last paragraph?

(A) The quality of writings is of primary importance.

(B) Common humanity is central to news reporting.

(C) Moral awareness matters in editing a newspaper.

(D) Journalists need stricter industrial regulations.

36. 答案A. The consequences of the current sorting mechanism. 因果细节题 题目问到Elisbeth 因什么而感到沮丧。定位在第1段第二句 Intergrity had collapsed, ..., because of a collective acceptance that the only "sorting mechanism" in society should be profit and the market, 由于社会中唯1的分类机制是利润和市场这一共同的观念,导致了正直这种道德品质的沦丧。

37. 答案 B more journalists may be found guilty of phone hacking 段落推断题 定位到第三段第1句 As the hacking trial concludes.... the wider issue of dearth of integrity still stands 正如窃听案总结的那样,仍然存在更广泛的dearth of integrity 的事件,与选项B 对应。

38. 答案 C was hardly convincing 观点细节题 根据第四段第二句中astonishing,how little...,how little... She never ... 以及第三句中She knew nothing 的语气判断作者的态度是认为RB的辩护是没有说服力的。

39. 答案 A generally distorted values 观点细节题 题干定位在第五段第三句,答案定位在随后的第四、第五句。 The current collective doctrine 认为重要的是 efficiency, flexibility, shareholder value...., 而认为justice, fairness....不重要,故扭曲了价值观。

40. 答案是C moral awareness matters in editing a newspaper. 段落推断题 定位在最后一段前两句。世界新闻杂志的目的不是提升读者的理解能力。。。。而是为了发行量和影响力而毁了人们的生活。从ruined the lives 的表达能看出作者希望杂志所做的是提高其道德意识,与C选项对应。

以上就是小编今天的分享,对于考研英语来说,基础知识比较重要,特别是词汇和语法。等你们的基础夯实之后就是模拟题的练习。其中阅读是最需要练习的部门,因为占分值比较大。话不多说,想要提高研究生考试成绩的考生就赶紧来坦途网研究生考试频道吧!

温馨提示:因考试政策、内容不断变化与调整,坦途网提供的以上信息仅供参考,如有异议,请考生以权威部门公布的内容为准!

考研培训课程免费试听

预约免费体验课您的信息不会显示在页面上或泄露给他人,我们将会通过电话反馈给您

课程预约立即提交

免费课程咨询:400-801-6269        真道(北京)信息技术有限公司版权所有 京ICP备12044874号-1

教育顾问
咨询电话
400-801-6269