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托福口语表达:用细节扩展段落

2018-03-13 14:53:06来源:托福考试网分享
导读:托福口语表现不好的其中一个原因,也许是因为表达能力不足。这是可以靠后天的练习改变的。比如可以对着一个话题练习说话,也可以背一些万能句型来让自己更有话聊。下面小编就给大家分享一些口语话题。

>>托福考试口语:托福口语表达:用细节扩展段落

>>托福考试精品课程辅导

Task 1

Talk about a popular gathering place in your town where people like to go. Describe the place and explain why people enjoy going there. Include specific examples and details in your response. 要求描述一个人们爱聚集的一个地方并解释原因。

考生拿到这个题大多会选择一个shopping center,leisure center或者park这种比较适合各个年龄阶层的人去的地方作为topic,下面是某位考生的作答:

In my opinion, people in my town like to go to the central park for two reasons:

To begin with, they can do some exercise there. A lot of people will go to the park to do some sports to keep healthy. Sometimes the whole family will get together in the park to do exercise.

In addition,people could enjoy the beautiful views in the park and they feel relaxed. They can get close to nature and release pressure from work or study.

So that’s why people in my town will go to the park.

我们来分析这个段子,开门见山给出topic—park, 用两个理由支撑—do exercise and enjoy views,但整个答案欠缺的就是细节充实的问题。比如do exercise后面,考生可以直接列出具体细节:

People like to play Tai Chi or go jogging in the morning,and the whole family may get together to go for a walk after dinner or play badminton in the park.

直接给出这种细节描述exercise让段子更生动,而不是一直重复people do exercise or do sports.

同样的,第二层关于enjoy beautiful views后面也可以增加一些具体的景物描写,trees, flowers, lake, bridge, fountain等。

下面给出一个对比的范例:

Well, a gathering place in my town is the central park.

One reason is that the park provides people a place to do some exercise. For example, old people would play Tai Chi in the early morning, students may go jogging around the park, and the whole family could go for a stroll after dinner. By doing some sports, they can keep healthy and energetic.

Plus, people have the chance to get close to nature and escape from the rest of the city like the concrete buildings, loads of schoolwork and huge pressure from work. I mean, they could feel the fresh air blowing their face, the smell of the flowers in the park.

So that’s why citizens like to go to the park.

这样整个口语回答会显得更充实,更容易拿到高分。既然充实段落很重要,下面我们来介绍几种常用方法补充细节。

拿自己,身边的人直接举例子

例题:Task 2

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

Students benefit more from classes with a large number of students than they do from smaller classes. Use specific examples and details to support your opinion.

这个题,其实就是小班好还是大班好的问题。选择没有对错,只要能充分证明自己的选择即可。

学生的回答提纲是: smaller class is better

1)Get more personal attention from professor

2)Concentrate better

对于第一个reason,我们可以直接举一个身边的例子加以说明。

比如:taking myself as an example, last summer, I took park in a painting training class and there were only five students in the class, so I got more time to interact with the teacher about my weakness in painting.

很多学生质疑说这样的例子有说服力吗。但事实上独立题本来就是侧重考生的familiar things,所以推荐用身边的小例子作为支撑。

举反例,正的不行就说反的

同样上面这个例题的第二个理由,是学生常常会用到的一个万能理由,但很多学生都不知道怎么把它加以扩展。

说:Students can concentrate better in smaller class because it’s more quiet.

后面的思路就枯竭了,这个时候就可以用举反例的细节扩展方法:however, in bigger classes, there are so many people that they may easily talk, laugh, joke around or gossip, which makes noise in the class to distract others.

给出具体的数据

这一个方面一般在我们用到时间和钱这两个万能理由的时候会用到。

例:Describe the most efficient type of transportation in your country. Use details and examples to explain your response.

Topic: airplane

Reason 1: fast,save time

Reason 2: no traffic congestion

对于第一个reason, 我们可以直接给出数据和对比:

For example,it only takes me 2 hours to fly from one city to another, however, when Ichoose to take train, it may cost me more than 20 hours.充分说明taking airplane is more efficient.

例2:You prefer to watch movie in the movie theater or at home.

Topic: at home

Reason 1: save money

Reason 2: have more options when choosing movies

对于第一个理由,我们可以用倍数形式来显示在家看电影多省钱:watching movies in the movie theater costs 2 times more than watching same movies at home.

例3:这座建筑很高。

The building is very tall.

扩展细节:

The building is as tall as 468 meters, ranking first in Asia and third in the world. There are 68 spheres in the building and the three biggest ones are observatories, where tourists can have a birds-eye view of the whole city. It has been the land mark of the city since it was completed.

4、抽象的名词给出小的并列例子加以具体化

Example 1.那里有很多食物。

There is a lot of traditional Chinese food.

There is a lot of traditional Chinese food like Fried rice with egg, Gong pao Chicken, Ma Po Tofu, Dumplings, Pecking Duck and so on.

Example 2. 那里风景优美。

It has beautiful scenery there.

It has beautiful scenery there. I can smell the grass and flowers,hear the cries of the birds, and feel the bracing breeze on my face.

Example 3我可以了解一些外国的好玩的事情

I would be able to know about interesting stuff in the foreign countries.

I would be able to know about interesting stuff including their customs, cultures, and histories.

下面我们再结合一些学生的回答,综合运用以上几个方法示范,怎么用细节扩展口语段落。

例1. describe a person you admire the most. Give specific details and examples.

学生回答:Well, the person I admire the most is my English teacher Lee, who was teaching me at junior high school. Here is some reasons I’d like to share with you.

For starters, my English teacher Lee is really responsible, he paid a lot of attention on our school work and paper and help us improve.

Plus, he has a sense of humor. He always tell us some stories to make us laugh, so we feel relaxed in his class. All the students like his class.

So, that is why I admire my English teacher most! Thank you.

分析:对于人物的描述,核心在人物的性格(quality,characteristics, features)的一个描写,该生描述老师responsible 和 humorous,但是都不充分,我们需要给出具体的表现和例子。

Responsible—for example, he would use his spare time to give us lots of detailed comments on our paper in order to make us improve.

Humorous—he may tell us some funny jokes or stories or even imitate the behaviors of Mr.Bean in the class, thus, we all feel relaxing in the class and can study much better.

例2.Is it beneficial for students to have computers? Use details and examples in your response.

学生回答:

As far as I am concerned,I think it is good for students to have computers.

The most important reason is that they can improve their study efficiency. They can use computer to search for some useful information to study better.

Another reason is that they can entertain themselves by using computer. Students have huge pressure in study, when they go back home, they could use the computer to release pressure.

分析:对于提高学习效率和娱乐放松,是我们常用的两个理由,但是我们可以用细节把这些理由说得更清楚。

Search for some useful information using the computer à For example, when they write the paper or do research, they can find some materials or resources online like the data, the examples, the statistical tests and soon.

Entertain themselves and release pressure à for instance,they could watch some movies, listen to music or play games to escape from the loads of problems in study.

例3.Describe a subject which is difficult but also important. Use details and examples in your response.

学生回答:well, the subject which is difficult but important is Mathematics.

To begin with, it is difficult. I am poor in math; I think I have to spend a lot of time doing the math problems.

However,math is also very important. If I can’t study math well, I will also fail in some other science class like the physics.

分析:这个回答过于简略,没有结合这个学科谈具体的细节。比如在强调数学很难,可以给出很多细节原因:it needs strong logical ability, I have to recite lots of formulas and theories; it’s too abstract, hard to understand.

例4. Describe an interesting book you have ever read. Give specific reasons and details in your response.

学生回答:In my opinion,one interesting I have read is a cooking book, which is sent from my friend jerry before I went abroad to study.

To begin with, I can learn how to cook using this book. It teaches me to do some traditional Chinese food and also even some simple foreign food. If I can cook food, I can take care of myself and even invite some classmates and friends to enjoy food cooked by me.

In addition, I could also learn some culture from other countries by knowing their food.

分析:对于这本书的描写还是不够,重点放在功能上,但是也不能忽略对于这个物体本身的描述。

比如在描写这本书能teach me cook.最好可以讲讲里面的内容和特色: it shows me the specific steps while cooking the food, even adds a lot of vivid pictures, which makes it easier to follow while doing it by myself.

此外第二点也是一样,只是提到learn some foreign culture about the food.

干脆后面再给一个例子,for instance, When I make the sushi, a type of Japanese food, I learn that people in Japan like to eat some raw food, which is considered to be more nutritious.

大家要多多练习才会让自己的口语表达更加流利,可以点击坦途网托福考试频道来找到更多的托福模拟题,提前祝大家考到好成绩!

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